György Ligeti (1923-2006)
was definitely one of the most prominent composers in the latter half of the twentieth century. His oeuvre shows the influence of diverse composers’ styles and techniques (polyphony, symphonic music of late Romanticism, Bartók, dodecaphony, sonorism, music of the Balkans, Africa and the Caribbean) and was supported by various means of expression and genre conventions – nevertheless it still remained an expressive and consequent artistic proposal. Ligeti’s evocation for textural and rhythmical complications and a tendency to gloomy expression, irony and grotesque remained – despite inner changes – constant features of his “musical approach”. Le Grand Macabre (1974-7) opera and Études (1985-2001) for piano are especially worth mentioning, as they are a synthesis of the composer’s artistic experience.